Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), also known as induced abortion, is the procedure performed for the premature termination of pregnancy. It is both intentional and artificial; MTP destroys the embryo or fetus before it is capable of living outside the womb.
MTP procedure is usually performed for the following reasons:
Medical Termination of Pregnancy is induced by pharmaceutical drugs, which terminate the pregnancy. There is a wide range of medicines used some of the most common ones are Misoprostol, Cytotec, Mifepristone, Oxytocin, Pitocin, Hemabate, Mifeprex etc.
Some of the following conditions need to be met before attempting MTP:
Potential Risk Factors
As most clinical methods have risks, most drugs have side effects and allergic reactions. Some of them include,
It is strongly suggested that the patient may take time to think it over because if the patient later decides to continue with the pregnancy after taking the MTP drugs, they may have to go through major complications. Hence it is advised to be certain before beginning a medical abortion. Future pregnancies are not affected by MTP unless there are complications.
Usually, for medical abortion, two types of medicines are administered together for effective miscarriages. Mifepristone is to be taken first, then after 24-48 hours depending on the pregnancy, a medicine called misoprostol is to be taken orally or to be dissolved in the vagina as per the doctor’s instructions. This depends on the stage of pregnancy.
In some time, the patient will experience stomach cramps as well as vaginal bleeding. This would result in the termination of the pregnancy. If in case the bleeding does not start, then the doctor might for more doses of misoprostol.