Menopause is a natural biological process in a woman’s life, when the menstrual cycle ceases permanently. It is usually when a woman has gone 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period.
It usually occurs at an average age of 45-52. After menopause, much less of the hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced by the body. It is not a disease but a normal stage in a woman’s life.
Menopause is actually a point in time of a woman’s life. The symptoms of menopause may occur years before the actual menopause and this transition period is termed as perimenopause. Some of the menopause symptoms are :
During perimenopause, despite the irregularity in periods, pregnancy is possible in some cases.
Menopause brings with it changes in the levels of female hormones estrogen and progesterone: This in turn can lead to a variety of complications such as
It is considerably hard to determine the exact time for menopause as hormone levels fluctuate in an individual from one day to the next and blood tests cannot predict when a woman is going through the menopausal transition.
Observing the lack of menstrual periods for 12 months is the only known way for menopause diagnosis .
Even though menopause is natural and not a disease, treatment is still required for those with severe symptoms. Some of the menopause treatment options that doctors recommend and prescribe are:
A healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and proper nutrition can avoid most of the symptoms mentioned above.
Authored By Dr. Sunil Eshwar Medical disclaimer: For information purposes only